Every month, the reproductive organs in a healthy woman prepare for pregnancy. After ovulation the egg lives for 12 to 24 hours and must be fertilised in that time if a woman is to become pregnant. The burst of oestrogen just before ovulation also works inside the neck of the uterus the cervix to make protein-rich clear jelly that covers the top of the vagina during sex. This makes the vagina acidic which prevents thrush and other infections. This is also a suitable environment for sperm survival. The sperm rapidly swim up and into the cervix, where they can survive in the mucus for up to five days before an egg is released.
Ovulation and conception
Trying to get pregnant - NHS
The race for life. Photo courtesy of iStock. Full Image Wednesday, 23 June University of Adelaide research reveals that a man's sperm does far more than fertilise an egg in the womb. According to Professor Sarah Robertson from the University's Robinson Institute , semen has special qualities that contribute to a healthy pregnancy, including helping to prepare the female body for nurturing the fetus. But the news isn't all good for men.
Everything You Need to Know About Artificial Insemination
Artificial insemination is a fertility treatment method used to deliver sperm directly to the cervix or uterus in the hopes of getting pregnant. Two chief approaches to artificial insemination exist: intrauterine insemination IUI and intracervical insemination ICI. Some women may also take medications to stimulate ovarian follicle growth and increase conception chances. In these instances and other situations, artificial insemination may help a woman conceive. ICI is a type of artificial insemination that involves inserting sperm into the cervix.
More than 8 out of 10 couples where the woman is aged under 40 will get pregnant within one year if they have regular unprotected sex. More than 9 out of 10 couples will get pregnant within two years. Having vaginal sex every 2 to 3 days will give you the best chance of getting pregnant. Sperm can live for 2 to 3 days and this means there will always be fresh sperm in your system when you ovulate release an egg. This will help you limit stress.